Volume 14, Issue 2 (Iranian Journal of Breast Disease 2021)                   ijbd 2021, 14(2): 64-75 | Back to browse issues page


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Mirsafi R S, Akbari Torkestani N, Noroozi E, Moslemi A. The Effect of Group Counseling Based on Reality Therapy on Women's Self Efficacy in Breast Self-examination: An Educational Intervention. ijbd. 2021; 14 (2) :64-75
URL: http://ijbd.ir/article-1-881-en.html
Department of Midwifery, School of Medicine, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran , tnaimeh@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (846 Views)

Introduction: The most appropriate and effective method of breast cancer screening is breast self-examination. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of group counseling based on reality therapy on women’s self-efficacy of breast self-examination.

Methods: This was an educational trial with a pretest-posttest design that was conducted in Shazand city in 2020. The study sample consisted of 30 women who were recruited from five health centers via available sampling. Participants were randomized into two groups of intervention (14 people) and control (16 people). Both groups completed personal, demographic, and self-efficacy of breast self-examination questionnaires. The intervention group received 8 sessions (two 90-min sessions per week) of group counseling based on reality therapy. One month after the intervention, both groups completed the self-efficacy of breast self-examination questionnaire again, and changes in the mean scores were examined.

Results: There was no statistically significant difference between the groups in terms of demographic characteristics such as age, level of education, marital status, menstrual age, age at marriage, and gestational age. The mean score of female self-efficacy of breast self-examination before intervention was 58.9 ± 19.8 in the control group and 58.4 ± 21.2 in the intervention group (no difference). After the intervention, the mean score of female self-efficacy in breast self-examination was 59.9 ± 18.8 in the control group and 85.7 ± 9.7 in the intervention group (P < 0.05). Using analysis of covariance (ANCOVA), the effect size of counseling was calculated at 46%.

Conclusion: The results of the study indicate that group counseling based on reality therapy can improve women’s self-efficacy of breast self-examination. Since this approach can be achieved in a shorter time than other types of counseling, the use of this method in important health behaviors such as breast self-examination is recommended.

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Conclusion: The results of the study indicate that group counseling based on reality therapy can improve women’s self-efficacy of breast self-examination. Since this approach can be achieved in a shorter time than other types of counseling, the use of this method in important health behaviors such as breast self-examination is recommended.
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Breast
Received: 2021/03/9 | Accepted: 2021/07/18 | Published: 2021/08/1

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