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:: Volume 11, Issue 3 (Iranian Quarterly Journal of Breast Disease 2018) ::
ijbd 2018, 11(3): 44-45 Back to browse issues page
Effect of Six Weeks of Endurance Training on Tumor Volume and Muscle Myostatin Levels in Female Mice with Breast Cancer: Implications for Cachexia
Fatemeh Hasani , Mandana Gholami , Farshad Ghazalian
Assistant professor, department of physical education and sport sciences, science and research branch, Islamic azad university, Tehran, Iran , m.gholami@srbiau.ac.ir
Abstract:   (2370 Views)
Introduction: Cachexia is one of the main cancer-related complications. Changes in levels of cachexia-related factors such as myostatin play an important role in accelerating or muscle wasting. The aim of present study was to investigate the effect of six weeks of endurance training on myostatin levels in female mice with breast cancer.
Methods: Twenty-four female BALB/c mice, aged 6-8 weeks, were assigned to three groups of 8 mice each: a healthy control, tumor control, and an endurance training + tumor group. The endurance training program was performed for six weeks, five sessions per week, at 14-18 m/min on a rodent treadmill. Forty-eight hours after the last exercise session, gastrocnemius muscle tissue was removed and myostatin levels were determined with ELISA method. Tumor volume was measured with a digital caliper.
Results: Results indicated significant decreases in myostatin levels in the training + tumor group when compared with the tumor control group (p < 0.001). However, myostatin levels in the control group were significantly low compared with the tumor control and training + tumor groups (p < 0.05). Moreover, significant increases in the gastrocnemius muscle weight (p = 0.015) and decreases in tumor volume (p < 0.001) were observed in the training + tumor group.
Conclusion: It seems that decreased myostatin levels due to endurance training have an important role in the prevention of muscle wasting. According to our findings, endurance training, in addition to suppressing tumor growth, can be considered an effective strategy for combating muscle loss in cancer patients.
Keywords: Cachexia, Tumor, Myostatin, Endurance Training
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Breast
Received: 2018/09/12 | Accepted: 2018/11/28 | Published: 2018/12/16
Conclusion: It seems that decreased myostatin levels due to endurance training have an important role in the prevention of muscle wasting. According to our findings, endurance training, in addition to suppressing tumor growth, can be considered an effective strategy for combating muscle loss in cancer patients.

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Hasani F, Gholami M, Ghazalian F. Effect of Six Weeks of Endurance Training on Tumor Volume and Muscle Myostatin Levels in Female Mice with Breast Cancer: Implications for Cachexia. ijbd. 2018; 11 (3) :44-45
URL: http://ijbd.ir/article-1-694-en.html


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Volume 11, Issue 3 (Iranian Quarterly Journal of Breast Disease 2018) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه علمی- پژوهشی بیماری های پستان ایران Iranian Quarterly Journal of Breast Disease

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